1st Amendment

to the U.S. Constitution

Congress shall make no law

  • respecting an establishment of religion,
    • or prohibiting the free exercise thereof;
  • or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press;
  • or the right of the people peaceably to assemble,
  • and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.


Most important phrase  = Congress shall make no law
This amendment limits the Federal Government.
It in no way gives rights.
  • Rights are God-given
    • Because you are a person, you have these rights.
      • No one can take them away unless you have violated the rights of others.
This amendment protects the individual's God-given rights from the Government.
  • Freedom from religion

    • Freedom of religion
  • Freedom of speech
    • Freedom of the press
  • Freedom to assemble
  • Freedom to petition the government, if you have grievances with it.

Mentioned on these pages